Abortion. An induced termination
of pregnancy by specific procedures, including chemical induction,
dilation and evacuation, hysterotomy, vacuum aspiration.
Age-adjusted mortality rate.
Deaths per 100,000 population, adjusted to a standard population.
Aid to Families with Dependent Children
(AFDC). Generally known as welfare. Forerunner to the
current Temporary Aid to Needy Families. It was administered and
funded jointly between federal and state governments with the federal
government providing more than half the funds.
AIDS. Acquired Immune Deficiency
Syndrome caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
Air emissions. The amount of
pollutants released into the air from a source, expressed in pounds
American Indian and Alaska Native.
A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North
and South America (including Central America) and who maintain tribal
affiliation or community attachment.
Annual income. Money received
from any and all of the following sources in the previous calendar
year: Earnings, unemployment compensation, Workers' Compensation,
Social Security, Supplemental Security Income, public assistance,
veterans' payments, survivor benefits, disability benefits, pension
or retirement income, interest, dividends, rents, royalties, and
estates and trusts, educational assistance, alimony, child support,
financial assistance from outside of the household, other income.
Although income refers to receipts during the preceding calendar
year, the demographic characteristics, such as age, labor force
status, and family or household composition, are as of the survey
date. The income of the family/household does not include amounts
received by people who were members during all or part of the income
year if these people no longer resided in the family/household at
the time of interview. Data on consumer income collected in the
CPS by the Census Bureau cover money income received (exclusive
of certain money receipts such as capital gains) before payments
for personal income taxes, social security, union dues, Medicare
deductions, etc. Therefore, money income does not reflect the fact
that some families receive part of their income in the form of noncash
benefits, such as food stamps, health benefits, rent-free housing,
and goods produced and consumed on the farm. In addition, money
income does not reflect the fact that noncash benefits are also
received by some nonfarm residents which often take the form of
the use of business transportation and facilities, full or partial
payments by business for retirement programs, medical and educational
expenses, etc. Data users should consider these elements when comparing
income levels. Moreover, readers should be aware that for many different
reasons there is a tendency in household surveys for respondents
to underreport their income. Based on an analysis of independently
derived income estimates, the Census Bureau determined that respondents
report income earned from wages or salaries much better than other
sources of income and that the reported wage and salary income is
nearly equal to independent estimates of aggregate income.
Asian. A person having origins
in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia,
or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China,
India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands,
Thailand, and Vietnam. It includes "Asian Indian," "Chinese,"
"Filipino," "Korean," "Japanese,"
"Vietnamese," and "Other Asian."
Birth rate. The number of births
per 1,000 female population 15 to 44 years old
Birth weight. The weight of
an infant at delivery, recorded in pounds and ounces or in grams
Black or African American.
A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
The category includes people who indicate their race as "Black,
African Am., or Negro," or provide written entries such as
African American, Afro American, Kenyan, Nigerian, or Haitian.
Breast cancer mortality. Age-adjusted
deaths from breast cancer for ICD-10 code C50
Cancers mortality. Age-adjusted
mortality rates/100,000) for ICD-10 code C00-C14.
Cardiovascular disease mortality.
Age-adjusted mortality rates/100,000) for ICD-10 code 100-178
Central County. The county
(or counties) that contains the largest city in a Metropolitan Statistical
Area and any adjacent counties that have at least 50 percent of
their population in the urbanized area surrounding the largest city.
Cesarean Section. A surgical
procedure that involves the delivery of the fetus through an abdominal
CHAMPUS/TriCare. Prior to 1995,
the federal government offered CHAMPUS, a health benefit package
to active duty and retired members of the uniformed services, their
families, and survivors. In 1995, the Department of Defense began
offering TRICARE is a regionally managed, health care program that
offers a managed care option, TRICARE Prime, as well as TRICARE
standard, with the same cost sharing structure as Champus. TRICARE
uses the health care resources of the Army, Navy, and Air Force
combined with networks of civilian health care professionals to
Child poverty rate. The number
of children in poverty divided by the total number in the population
who are 17 years old or younger expressed as a percent.
Childbearing years. The reproductive
age span of women; conventionally defined as 15 through 44 years
of age for the U.S. population.
Children. The term "children"
used in household descriptions refers to persons under 18 years
old, excluding those who maintain households, families, or subfamilies
as a reference person or spouse.
Children in poverty. The number
of individuals 17 years old or younger who are members of families
who are poor.
Chinese. A person having origins
in any of the original peoples of China.
Chlamydia. A sexually transmitted
disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.
Cohort. A group of individuals
sharing a common demographic experience with respect to an observed
period of time (e.g., individuals sharing the same birth year or
years, individuals who fall in a specified age range.)
Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical
Area (CMSA); Primary MSA (PMSA). An area that is an MSA
and has a population of one million or more may be recognized as
a CMSA if separate component areas can be identified within it and
local opinion supports recognition of the component areas. If component
areas are recognized, they are designated as Primary MSAs (PMSA).
PMSAs and CMSAs are composed of entire counties. Texas has two of
the nation's 18 CMSAs-Houston-Galveston-Brazoria and Dallas-Fort
COPD mortality. Age-adjusted
deaths/100,000 for ICD-10 codes J40 through J47. Chronic obstructive
pulmonary diseases and allied conditions (replaced in 1999 by chronic
lower respiratory diseases CLRD); Age adjusted to year 2000 standard
Cuban. A person having origins
in any of the original peoples of Cuba
Cumulative AIDS data. Includes
all cases reported since 1980, including cases originally reported
as HIV which have progressed to AIDS.
Cumulative HIV. Includes pediatric
HIV infections reported since 1994, and adult/adolescent HIV infections
reported since 1999.
Denominator. The number on
the bottom of a fraction. Population data are referred to as "denominator
data" when they are used to calculate rates.
Diabetes mortality. Age-adjusted
deaths/100,000) for ICD-10 code E10-E14
Disproportionate Share Hospital Program
(Dispro or DSH). A Medicaid program established in 1981
to allow state Medicaid programs to provide payments, in addition
to direct payments for patient care, to hospitals that provide a
disproportionate amount of care to low income Medicaid and uninsured
patients. The program was enacted in an effort to cover a portion
of uncompensated care as well as to cover additional costs that
are incurred by safety net hospitals.
Economic contribution of the health care
sector. Total jobs/salaries created by the multiplier
Ethnic origin. Ethnicity refers
to self-identification an individual's non-racial origin or descent.
U.S Census respondents selected their origin (and the origin of
other household members) from a "flash card" listing ethnic
Family. A family is a group
of two or more people (one of whom is the householder) related by
birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people
(including related subfamily members) are considered as members
of one family. The number of families is equal to the number of
family households, however, the count of family members differs
from the count of family household members because family household
members include any non-relatives living in the household.
Family group. A family group
is any two or more people residing together, and related by birth,
marriage, or adoption. A household may be composed of one such group,
more than one, or none at all. The count of family groups includes
family households, related subfamilies, and unrelated subfamilies.
Family Household. A household
maintained by a householder who is in a family (as defined above),
and includes any unrelated people (unrelated subfamily members and/or
secondary individuals) who may be residing there. The number of
family households is equal to the number of families. The count
of family household members differs from the count of family members,
however, in that the family household members include all people
living in the household, whereas family members include only the
householder and his/her relatives. See the definition of family.
Fertility. The actual reproductive
performance of an individual, couple or a population
Fetal Death. (stillbirth):
Death of a product of conception prior to the complete expulsion
or extraction from its mother, regardless of the length of gestation.
In Texas, fetal death registration is required only for those cases
with a gestation of 20 weeks or more.
Filipino. A person having origins
in any of the original peoples of the Philippines.
FIPS county code. A unique
number assigned by the Federal Information Processing Standards
program to each county in the US.
Food Stamps. A federal food
assistance program which provides recipients with either coupons
or electronic benefit transfer payments which may be used to purchase
food and nonalcoholic beverages in authorized stores. Stores are
then reimbursed the full value of the food. In addition to asset
limits, recipients must have a gross income less than 130% of the
poverty line to qualify.
Gonorrhea. A sexually transmitted
infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Group quarters. Group quarters
are noninstitutional living arrangements for groups not living in
conventional housing units or groups living in housing units containing
ten or more unrelated people or nine or more people unrelated to
the person in charge. Examples include persons residing in a rooming
house, in staff quarters at a hospital, or in a halfway house. Inmates
of institutions have not been included.
Guam/Chamorro. A person having
origins in any of the original peoples of Guam, or of Chamorran
Head versus householder. In
1980, the Bureau of the Census discontinued the use of the terms
"head of household" and "head of family." Instead,
the terms "householder" and "family householder"
are used. Recent social changes have resulted in greater sharing
of household responsibilities among the adult members and, therefore,
have made the term "head" increasingly inappropriate in
the analysis of household and family data. Specifically, beginning
in 1980, the Census Bureau discontinued its longtime practice of
always classifying the husband as the reference person (head) when
he and his wife are living together.
Health insurance coverage.
Individuals having coverage by any of the following types of health
insurance: Employer/union, privately purchased (not related to employment),
Medicare, Medicaid, military health care (military, TriCare,CHAMPUS,
CHAMPVA, VA, Indian Health Services), someone outside the household,
other. An individual may have more than one type of health insurance
Heart attack mortality. Age-adjusted
deaths/100,000 from heart attack
High poverty areas. Census
tracts in which more than 40% of the population lives at or below
the poverty level. Individuals in these neighborhoods, even if they
have incomes above the poverty line, are impacted by the "neighborhood
effects" of poverty. The measure is used to reflect the concentration
Hispanic. Hispanics are individuals
who describe their ethnic origin as Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Central
or South American, or some other Spanish-speaking nation origin.
Individuals of Hispanic origin may be of any race
Hospital district. All Texas
counties must have a program to serve the medically indigent. Many
counties have formed hospital districts which have taxing authority
and use the funds they collect to operate public hospitals and in
some cases, clinics. In 1999 there were 93 hospital districts operating
in 87 counties
Household. A household consists
of all the people who occupy a housing unit. A household includes
the related family members and all the unrelated people, if any,
such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share
the housing unit. A person living alone in a housing unit, or a
group of unrelated people sharing a housing unit such as partners
or roomers, is also counted as a household. The count of households
excludes group quarters. The two major categories of households
are "family" and "nonfamily.
Household, family, or subfamily, Size
of. The term "size of household" includes all
the people occupying a housing unit. "Size of family"
includes the family householder and all other people in the living
quarters who are related to the householder by birth, marriage,
or adoption. "Size of related subfamily" includes the
husband and wife or the lone parent and their never- married sons
and daughters under 18 years of age. "Size of unrelated subfamily"
includes the reference person and all other members related to the
reference person. If a family has a related subfamily among its
members, the size of the family includes the members of the related
Householder. The householder
refers to the person (or one of the persons) in whose name the housing
unit is owned or rented (maintained) or, if there is no such person,
any adult member, excluding roomers, boarders, or paid employees.
If the house is owned or rented jointly by a married couple, the
householder may be either the husband or the wife. The person designated
as the householder is the "reference person" to whom the
relationship of all other household members, if any, is recorded.
The number of householders is equal to the number of households.
Also, the number of family householders is equal to the number of
Housing unit. A house, an apartment
or other group of rooms, or a single room, is regarded as a housing
unit when it is occupied or intended for occupancy as separate living
quarters; that is, when the occupants do not live and eat with any
other persons in the structure and there is direct access from the
outside or through a common hall
Income earned by lowest/highest 20% of
earners. Based on the Lorenz curve, a common measure
of income inequality, the population is divided into five equal
groups (quintiles) based on earnings. The income of each quintile
is then measured.
Income-to-poverty ratios. Income-to-poverty
ratios represent the ratio of family or unrelated individual income
to their appropriate poverty threshold. Ratios below 1.00 indicate
that the income for the respective family or unrelated individual
is below the official definition of poverty, while a ratio of 1.00
or greater indicates income above the poverty level. A ratio of
1.25, for example, indicates that income was 125 percent above the
appropriate poverty threshold.
Indian. A person having origins
in any of the original peoples of India.
Indigent Health Care Spending.
Counties without hospital districts are eligible for funds through
the County Indigent Health Care Program. Counties seeking funding
under this program must first spend 10 percent of their general
tax revenues on indigent care. State funds are then available for
subsequent services with a 20 percent county match.
Infant. An individual less
than one year of age.
Infant death. Death of an individual
less than one year of age. Infant deaths are further classified
as neonatal deaths or postneonatal deaths. (See also neonatal death
and postneonatal death.)
Infant mortality rate. Number
of deaths occurring to infants under 1 year of age per 1,000 live
Japanese. A person having origins
in any of the original peoples of Japan.
Kessner adequate percent. Numerator
is number of births with adequate Kessner index. Denominator is
number of births with known Kessner index (unknown Kessner scores
are not included in denominator). This is a measure of the adequacy
of prenatal care. A higher Kessner adequate percent for a population
indicates better prenatal care.
Kessner Index. Method of categorizing
adequacy of prenatal care, based on month of pregnancy care started,
number of visits, and length of gestation. This index adjusts for
the fact that women with short gestations have less time in which
to make prenatal care visits.
Korean. A person having origins
in any of the original peoples of Korea.
Labor force. The civilian labor
force comprises all individuals not in the military who are 16 years
of age and over classified as employed or unemployed.
Land discharges. The amount
of pollutants released onto land, expressed in pounds.
Late prenatal care. Onset of
prenatal care after the first trimester.
Live birth. The complete expulsion
or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, regardless
of the duration of the pregnancy, which after expulsion shows any
vital signs (heart beat, voluntary breathing, umbilical cord pulsation,
or voluntary muscle movement).
Living with HIV/AIDS. The number
of individuals in the county still alive who have been diagnosed
Low weight births. A live birth
of an infant weighing under 2,500 grams (5.5 pounds).
Lung cancer mortality. Age-adjusted
mortality rates/100,000); Age adjusted to year 2000 standard population
for ICD-10 code C33-C34
Marital status. The marital
status classification includes the categories of never married,
married, widowed, and divorced. The category "married"
is further divided into "married, spouse present," "separated,"
and "other married, spouse absent." A person is classified
as "married, spouse present" if the husband or wife was
reported as a member of the household, even though he or she may
have been temporarily absent on business or on vacation, visiting,
in a hospital, etc. People reported as separated included those
with legal separations, those living apart with intentions of obtaining
a divorce, and other people permanently or temporarily separated
because of marital discord.
Married couple. A married couple
is a husband and wife enumerated as members of the same household.
The married couple may or may not have children living with them.
The expression "husband-wife" or "married- couple"
before the term "household," "family," or "subfamily"
indicates that the household, family, or subfamily is maintained
by a husband and wife. The number of married couples equals the
count of married-couple families plus related and unrelated married-couple
Maternal death. The death of
a woman resulting from pregnancy or childbearing, while pregnant
or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy.
Median Age. The age which separates
the population into two equal groups-- one half of which is older
than the median age, the other half of which is younger
Median family income. Median
income is a dollar amount that divides the income distribution into
two equal groups, half having incomes above the median, half having
incomes below the median. A median is based on the population 15
years old and over with income.
Medically Underserved Areas (MUA).
Areas or populations having a shortage of personal health services
according to U.S. Department of Health and Human Services guidelines.
Decisions are based on percentage of elderly, poverty rate, infant
mortality rate and ratio of primary care physicians to 1,000 residents.
MUA designations are used for rural health clinic and community
Medicare. Medicare covers most
people over age 65, some disabled people under 65 and people with
End Stage Renal Disease. Part A-hospital insurance has a deductible
and coinsurance but, for most enrollees does not have a monthly
premium. Part B-Medical Insurance, which covers office and outpatient
visits and some preventive services, has a deductible, coinsurance
and a monthly premium of $45.50.
Medicare Supplemental Medical Insurance.
Covers office and outpatient visits and some preventive services,
has a deductible, coinsurance and a monthly premium. See Medicare.
Metropolitan Statistical Area.
A Metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a core area containing
a large population nucleus, together with adjacent communities which
have a high degree of social and economic integration with the core.
Current MSAs are defined on the basis of 1990 standards that require
each MSA to include a city of at least 50,000 residents, or an urbanized
area of at least 50,000 residents and a total population of at least
Mexican. A person having origins
in any of the original peoples of Mexico.
Mortality. Death as a component
of population change
MSA/PMSA code. A unique number
identifying each Metropolitan Statistical Area and Primary MSA.
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander.
A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii,
Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. The category includes people
who indicate their race as "Native Hawaiian," "Guamanian
or Chamorro," "Samoan," and "Other Pacific Islander."
Native Hawaiian. A person having
origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii.
Neonatal death. Death prior
to the 28th day of life.
Non-Hispanic. Refers to all
ethnic self-identifications other than Hispanic on the U.S. Census
Non-family household. A nonfamily
household consists of a householder living alone (a one-person household),
a householder sharing a home exclusively with people to whom he/she
is not related.
Number children uninsured.
The number of individuals 18 years old or younger without any type
of health insurance coverage
Number DWI. The number of individuals
arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol
Number employed. Employed persons
are (a) all civilians who, during the reference week, did any work
at all as paid employees, in their own business, profession, or
on their own farm, or who worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers
in an enterprise operated by a member of the family, and (b) all
those who were not working but who had jobs or businesses from which
they were temporarily absent because of illness, bad weather, vacation,
child-care problems, maternity or paternity leave, labor-management
disputes, job training, or other family or personal reasons, whether
or not they were paid for the time off or were seeking other jobs.
Each person is counted only once, even if he or she holds more than
Number of people living in high poverty
census tracts. The total population of tracts in which
more than 40% of the population is poor.
Number unemployed. The number
of individuals in the labor force who do not have employment of
15 or more hours weekly.
Occupied housing units. Housing
units in which people live.
One Race. Selection of a single
racial category as the self identifier on the U.S. Census.
Other Asian. A person having
origins in any of the original peoples of Asian places not otherwise
Other Hispanic. A person having
origins in any of the Spanish-speaking country not otherwise specified.
Other Pacific Islander. A person
having origins in any of the original peoples of Pacific Islands
not otherwise specified.
Other relatives in household.
Related children in a family include own children and all other
children under 18 years old in the household who are related to
the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. The count of related
children in families was formerly restricted to never-married children.
Ever-married children are in the category of related children.
Own child under 18 years in household.
Own children in a family are sons and daughters, including stepchildren
and adopted children, of the householder. Similarly, "own"
children in a subfamily are sons and daughters of the married couple
or parent in the subfamily. (All children shown as members of related
subfamilies are own children of the person(s) maintaining the subfamily.)
For each type of family unit , the count of "own children under
18 years old" is limited to never-married children; however,
"own children under 25" and "own children of any
age," include all children regardless of marital status. The
counts include never-married children living away from home in college
Per capita income. Per capita
personal income is the annual total personal income of residents
divided by resident population as of July 1. The Census Bureau derives
per capita income by dividing the total income of a particular group
by the total population in that group (excluding patients or inmates
in institutional quarters).
Perinatal. Period from 20 weeks
gestation through 27 days after birth
Persons living in or below poverty.
Number of people who are poor or in poverty. Totals are calculated
for total population, population 0-17 years, and population 18 years
Physicians providing direct patient care.
MDs and DOs (osteopathic physicians) providing patient care. Excludes
non-active and exclusively research physicians.
Population per Square Mile.
The number of people inhabiting an area, divided by the number of
square miles in that area.
Postneonate. An infant between
28 days and one year of age.
Postterm birth. Birth after
41 weeks of gestation.
Poverty. The state of being
poor. A set of money income thresholds that vary by family size
and composition are used to determine who is poor. If a family's
total income is less than that family's threshold, then that family,
and every individual in it, is considered poor. The poverty thresholds
do not vary geographically, but they are updated annually for inflation
with the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty definition
counts money income before taxes and excludes capital gains and
noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps).
. Poverty is not defined for people in military barracks, institutional
group quarters, or for unrelated individuals under age 15 (such
as foster children). According to US Department of Health and Human
Services, the average poverty threshold for a family of four in
was $12,700 in 1990, $15,150 in 1995, $16,050 in 1997, $16,700 in
1999, $17,050 in 2000 and $18,100 in 2002.
Poverty rate. The number of
people in poverty divided by the total population expressed as a
percent. A rate is calculated for total population, population 0-17
years, and population 18 years and over.
Prenatal care, first trimester.
Percent of mothers with onset of care in first trimester.
Preterm birth (premature birth).
Birth at less than 37 completed weeks of gestation.
Primary care physicians. General
practice, family practice, general internal medicine and general
PS Syphilis. The initial two
stages of syphilis, called primary and secondary syphilis. Primary
syphilis requires demonstrated Treponema pallidum infection; secondary
syphilis is a subsequent stage of infection characterized by localized
or diffuse mucosotaneous lesions and general lymphadenopathy.
Puerto Rican. A person having
origins in any of the original peoples of Puerto Rico
Race. A descriptive category
of self identification. Race categories include both racial and
national-origin groups as established by the "Revisions to
the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and
Ethnicity" issued by the U. S. Office of Management and Budget
(OMB). Racial categories include White; Black; American Indian,
Eskimo or Aleut; Asian or Pacific Islander; and Other races. In
most instances "Other races" are included in the total
population data but are not further subdivided.
Ratio. The relation of one
population subgroup to another subgroup, or to the whole population.
The denominator of a ratio may or may not include the numerator.
If the denominator includes the numerator, it is a proportion.
Residence data. Data compiled
by the usual place of residence without regard to the geographic
place where the event occurred. For births and fetal deaths, the
mother's usual county of residence is used as the place of residence.
Samoan. A person having origins
in any of the original peoples of Samoa.
Social Security Disability (SSDI).
Cash assistance for people with sufficient work histories that were
covered by Social Security who become disabled and are unable to
work for a year or more.
Some other race. Includes all
other responses not included in the "White", "Black
or African American", "American Indian and Alaska Native",
"Asian" and "Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander"
race categories described above. Respondents providing write-in
entries such as multiracial, mixed, interracial, or a Hispanic/Latino
group (for example, Mexican, Puerto Rican, or Cuban) in the "Some
other race" category are included here.
Square Miles in County. Total
land and water surface area in a county expressed in square miles.
Stroke mortality. Age adjusted
deaths per 100,000 from stroke for ICD-10 codes 160-169.
Substantiated child maltreatment cases.
Verified instances of child abuse and neglect.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
Means tested, federal cash assistance program administered by the
Social Security Administration and funded by general tax revenues
to help low income elderly, disabled and blind people.
Syphilis. The diagnosis of
syphilis includes primary, secondary, latent and congenital infection
with Treponema pallidum.
TANF. Temporary Assistance
to Needy Families replaced AFDC as a program to assist families
Teen births. Births to mothers
under 18 years of age.
Term birth. Birth at 37 to
41 weeks of gestation.
Tobacco settlement. Texas,
in litigation independent from other states, settled its lawsuit
against the tobacco industry for $15.3 billion to be paid out over
Total number uninsured. Number
and percent population without insurance: total, 0-18 years, and
Total Population. The total
number of people inhabiting a geographic area at a given point in
Total releases. The amount
of pollutants released to land, air, water and underground, expressed
Two or more races. The selection
of two or more races either by checking two or more race response
boxes, by providing multiple write-in responses, or by some combination
of check boxes and write-in responses on the U.S. Census.
Underinsured Medicare enrollees.
Medicare covers most people over age 65, some disabled people under
65 and people with End Stage Renal Disease. Part A-hospital insurance
has a deductible and coinsurance but, for most enrollees does not
have a monthly premium. Part B-Medical Insurance, which covers office
and outpatient visits and some preventive services, has a deductible,
coinsurance and a monthly premium of $45.50. Underinsured Medicare
enrollees is a measure of the number of people who are enrolled
in Part A but not Part B
Unemployment rate. Number of
persons unemployed divided by the total number of individuals in
the civilian labor force expressed as a percent. This does not include
individuals who have dropped out of the labor force.
Unmarried couple. An unmarried
couple is composed of two unrelated adults of the opposite sex (one
of whom is the householder) who share a housing unit with or without
the presence of children under 15 years old. Unmarried couple households
contain only two adults.
Unrelated individuals. Unrelated
individuals are people of any age who are not members of families
Unrelated subfamily. An unrelated
subfamily (formerly called a secondary family) is a married couple
with or without children, or a single parent with one or more own
never-married children under 18 years old living in a household.
Unrelated subfamily members are not related to the householder.
An unrelated subfamily may include people such as guests, partners,
roommates, or resident employees and their spouses and/or children.
The number of unrelated subfamily members is included in the total
number of household members, but is not included in the count of
Any person(s) who is not related to the householder and who is
not the husband, wife, parent, or child in an unrelated subfamily
is counted as an unrelated individual.
Vacant housing. A housing unit
is vacant if no one is living in it, unless the occupants are only
temporarily absent. Units temporarily occupied entirely by individuals
who have a usual residence elsewhere are classified as vacant. (Transient
quarters, such as, hotels, are housing units only if occupied. Thus,
there are no vacant housing units at hotels and the like.) New units
not yet occupied are classified as vacant housing units if construction
has reached a point where all exterior windows and doors are installed
and final usable floors are in place. Vacant units are excluded
from the housing unit inventory if they are open to the elements.
Also excluded from the housing unit inventory are units with a posted
condemnation sign or units that are used entirely for nonresidential
Very low birth weight. A live
birth of an infant weighing less than 1500 grams ( 3 pounds, 5 ounces)
Vietnamese. A person having
origins in any of the original peoples of Viet Nam.
Violent crime. Sum of murders,
rapes robberies and assaults per 100,000 population.
Viral Hepatitis. An acute illness
with a discrete onset of illness and jaundice or elevated serum
animotransferase levels. Includes Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis
C and Hepatitis non-A and non-B.
White. A person having origins
in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North
Africa. The category includes people who indicate their race as
"White" or report entries such as Irish, German, Italian,
Lebanese, Near Easterner, Arab, or Polish.